Sessione 1 Attività 9

“Conserva il meglio per l’eternità”

 

Durata:

30-45 minuti di lavoro in piccoli gruppi + 30-45 minuti per le negoziazioni intergruppo (opzionale)

 

Sviluppo:

Ai partecipanti viene chiesto di confrontare diverse biografie di donne eccezionali e di selezionarne solo una – quella che secondo loro parla meglio del genere umano – da inserire in un caveau che viaggerà nello spazio verso potenziali civiltà aliene.

 

L’attività/esercizio può essere usato per:

  • sviluppare la creatività
  • sviluppare il pensiero critico
  • sviluppare le capacità di presentazione e di argomentazione
  • stimolare l’interazione di gruppo e facilitare la connessione
  • facilitare lo scambio di conoscenze ed esperienze
  • migliorare la conoscenza di donne eccezionali e della cultura europea
  • promuovere i valori sociali e comunitari
  • motivare la crescita e lo sviluppo personale
  • ispirare ulteriori ricerche e dibattiti sulla storia europea/storia del mondo

 

Il gruppo di formazione è diviso in piccoli gruppi di lavoro (3-5 membri). Ad ogni gruppo viene data una lista di donne eccezionali e le loro brevi biografie, da cui viene chiesto di sceglierne una che meglio rappresenta secondo loro l’essenza del genere umano (non vengono dati altri criteri, perché il gruppo dovrà trovare i propri argomenti per sostenere la propria scelta) e che sia adatta ad essere messa in un caveau e a viaggiare nello spazio per incontrare potenziali civiltà aliene.

Dopo che le presentazioni/dibattiti sono finiti, ai gruppi di lavoro viene chiesto di nominare le difficoltà che hanno incontrato nell’attività (se ci sono state), come si sono organizzati e come hanno raggiunto una decisione, come si sono sentiti all’interno del loro gruppo di lavoro/durante le negoziazioni nel gruppo dei rappresentanti, cosa hanno imparato, ecc. 

 

L’attività è applicabile sia alle sessioni di formazione F2F che a quelle online (la maggior parte delle piattaforme di conferenze online permettono la suddivisione del gruppo di formazione in gruppi più piccoli). Inoltre, l’attività può essere data come compito a casa o a piccoli gruppi di lavoro – e quindi utilizzare il tempo della sessione di formazione per la fase di negoziazione – o a singoli individui a cui si può chiedere di scrivere un saggio per argomentare la loro scelta – e quindi utilizzare solo il tempo della sessione di formazione per presentare il loro saggio. 

 

Materiali & Risorse:

  • biografie stampate delle donne eccezionali (allegato I del manuale)/ connessione internet e dispositivi adeguati per accedere alle biografie online;
  • istruzioni stampate.

Gerda Taro
1910 - 1937

Pioneer of war photography
Gerda Taro, nee Gerta Pohorylle, was born in Stuttgart and educated in Leipzig, Germany. As she is from a Jewish family, she flees from the Nazis to Paris in 1933. There she lives a bohemian lifestyle with her friend Ruth Cerf and eventually meets Endre Ernő Friedmann, better known today as Robert Capa. Together, they start documenting the Spanish Civil War in 1935, after Gerda had invented their alter egos in order to better sell Endre's and her own pictures. Inspired by their own political convictions, they only take pictures of the the fight of the republican troops against the rebellious franquist troops. Both of them try to be as close to the action as possible - a goal which eventually led to Gerda's death. Despite the fact that her pictures only cover 1 year of the war, her pictures are those that went around the world. Together with Robert Capa and with David Seymour, she developed modern war photography as we know it today during this short period of time. Since she officially was Capa's agent and he sold many of her pictures as his own, it took until the 2000s until people began to recognize her as an artist in her own right rather than only his partner: In 2007, the so-called Mexican Suitcase was found in Mexico City, a suitcase containing thousands of negatives believed lost by Capa, Taro and Seymour. Since then, many photographs originally attributed to Capa are known to have been taken by Gerda. However, during her short life, Taro was well known and when she was killed in 1937 by a tank, - she was only 26 - thousands of people attended her funeral in Paris. The funeral procession, led by Pablo Neruda and Louis Aragon, became a demonstration against fascism.

Marie-Claire Chevalier
1955 - 2022

The one whose trial for illegal abortion changed the law against abortion in France
In 1971, Marie-Claire Chevalier was 16 years old when she became pregnant after being raped by a boy two years older than her in high school. The young woman asked her mother to help her have an abortion. The mother turned to an underground doctor, but her daughter suffered a hemorrhage that forced her to the hospital. Her rapist, arrested for stealing a car, decides to turn her in against his own freedom. She is directly accused, as are four other women, including her mother, because in 1971 the voluntary termination of a pregnancy was illegal in France and punishable by six months to two years in prison. She was then convicted at the Bobigny trial and all were defended by lawyer Gisèle Halimi. Gisèle Halimi made of this trial and of Marie-Claire Chevalier a political symbol for the right to abortion. The case will forever mark French history and symbolize real progress for women's rights. Extremely mediatized, the trial closely followed by many personalities ends on a brilliant victory. Three years later this judgement, things started to move. This event contributed to the adoption of the Veil law and the legalization of abortion in France in 1975.

Having suffered greatly from this trial, she attempted suicide. Then, she chose to return to anonymity by changing her name. At her death, she received tributes from the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron and feminist associations.

Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very talented and ready to share her ideas and stories with the world. But, that´s where she bumped into a big obstacle. At the beginning of the XX century being a female writer was seen as immoral work, especially for an educator. If she had risked meeting her goals, she could have lost her teaching job. She found a solution to this problem in her marriage by publishing her works under her husband's name. So, she was writing and waiting at home and he was the one receiving praise and applause at the premiers of the plays. Before dying, her husband confirmed the rumours circulating in theatre circles that she was the true author of his works.
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Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very talented and ready to share her ideas and stories with the world. But, that´s where she bumped into a big obstacle. At the beginning of the XX century being a female writer was seen as immoral work, especially for an educator. If she had risked meeting her goals, she could have lost her teaching job. She found a solution to this problem in her marriage by publishing her works under her husband's name. So, she was writing and waiting at home and he was the one receiving praise and applause at the premiers of the plays. Before dying, her husband confirmed the rumours circulating in theatre circles that she was the true author of his works.
continue reading

Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very...
continue reading