Session 1 Activité 7

Homme ou femme  ?

 

Durée : environ 30 min de jeu + 30 min de discussion

 

Activité en ligne

 

Mise en œuvre :

Cette activité demande aux apprenants de comprendre les rôles, les stéréotypes et les attentes liés au genre qui sont appris et reconnus dans notre société. L’objectif est d’

  •         identifier et analyser les rôles de genres stéréotypés et leurs origines
  •         analyser les effets sur les choix de carrière des hommes et des femmes
  •         remettre en question et minimiser et/ou éliminer les perceptions et les actions stéréotypées envers « l’autre » genre
  •         accepter et soutenir les choix de carrière et de vie faits par les pairs, même s’ils peuvent remettre en question les stéréotypes liés au genre

 

Diviser les élèves en petits groupes de 6 personnes. Les groupes peuvent être des groupes mixtes. Chaque groupe jouera deux scénarios dans lesquels ils mettront l’accent sur des actions stéréotypées de genre. L’autre groupe devra identifier les stéréotypes et les attribuer au genre concerné.

Chaque groupe pense à deux scénarios à jouer. Les situations doivent montrer des actions, des emplois, des activités qui représentent un stéréotype de genre. Pour donner un exemple très simple : le groupe joue un dîner, une personne joue le rôle de la femme (cuisine, nettoie, se lève 10 fois), tandis que les autres joueurs agissent comme les autres membres de la famille (attendre d’être servi, ne pas aider, etc.). Les autres groupes doivent comprendre qui joue quel rôle et quel stéréotype est représenté.

Après l’activité, une discussion aide à la réflexion. Parmi les questions que l’on pourrait par exemple se poser :

  •         Comment et où apprenons-nous à percevoir des rôles comme masculins et féminins ?
  •         Ces rôles et descriptions nous limitent-ils ou nous aident-ils dans nos choix de vie ?
  •         Avez-vous déjà agi différemment de la façon dont quelqu’un de votre sexe est “censé” agir ou se comporter ?
  •         Quelles autres remarques/conclusions avez-vous à faire sur ce sujet ?
  •         Que ressentez-vous à la fin de cette activité ?

 

C’est très intéressant de comprendre comment les stéréotypes sont perçus. Le formateur devra sonder les idées des participants et essayer de semer le doute : est-ce que tout le monde identifie le même stéréotype ?

 

Matériaux et ressources :

  • Une pièce vide
  • Des feuilles de papier et un stylo pour le formateur

Gerda Taro
1910 - 1937

Pioneer of war photography
Gerda Taro, nee Gerta Pohorylle, was born in Stuttgart and educated in Leipzig, Germany. As she is from a Jewish family, she flees from the Nazis to Paris in 1933. There she lives a bohemian lifestyle with her friend Ruth Cerf and eventually meets Endre Ernő Friedmann, better known today as Robert Capa. Together, they start documenting the Spanish Civil War in 1935, after Gerda had invented their alter egos in order to better sell Endre's and her own pictures. Inspired by their own political convictions, they only take pictures of the the fight of the republican troops against the rebellious franquist troops. Both of them try to be as close to the action as possible - a goal which eventually led to Gerda's death. Despite the fact that her pictures only cover 1 year of the war, her pictures are those that went around the world. Together with Robert Capa and with David Seymour, she developed modern war photography as we know it today during this short period of time. Since she officially was Capa's agent and he sold many of her pictures as his own, it took until the 2000s until people began to recognize her as an artist in her own right rather than only his partner: In 2007, the so-called Mexican Suitcase was found in Mexico City, a suitcase containing thousands of negatives believed lost by Capa, Taro and Seymour. Since then, many photographs originally attributed to Capa are known to have been taken by Gerda. However, during her short life, Taro was well known and when she was killed in 1937 by a tank, - she was only 26 - thousands of people attended her funeral in Paris. The funeral procession, led by Pablo Neruda and Louis Aragon, became a demonstration against fascism.

Marie-Claire Chevalier
1955 - 2022

The one whose trial for illegal abortion changed the law against abortion in France
In 1971, Marie-Claire Chevalier was 16 years old when she became pregnant after being raped by a boy two years older than her in high school. The young woman asked her mother to help her have an abortion. The mother turned to an underground doctor, but her daughter suffered a hemorrhage that forced her to the hospital. Her rapist, arrested for stealing a car, decides to turn her in against his own freedom. She is directly accused, as are four other women, including her mother, because in 1971 the voluntary termination of a pregnancy was illegal in France and punishable by six months to two years in prison. She was then convicted at the Bobigny trial and all were defended by lawyer Gisèle Halimi. Gisèle Halimi made of this trial and of Marie-Claire Chevalier a political symbol for the right to abortion. The case will forever mark French history and symbolize real progress for women's rights. Extremely mediatized, the trial closely followed by many personalities ends on a brilliant victory. Three years later this judgement, things started to move. This event contributed to the adoption of the Veil law and the legalization of abortion in France in 1975.

Having suffered greatly from this trial, she attempted suicide. Then, she chose to return to anonymity by changing her name. At her death, she received tributes from the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron and feminist associations.

Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very talented and ready to share her ideas and stories with the world. But, that´s where she bumped into a big obstacle. At the beginning of the XX century being a female writer was seen as immoral work, especially for an educator. If she had risked meeting her goals, she could have lost her teaching job. She found a solution to this problem in her marriage by publishing her works under her husband's name. So, she was writing and waiting at home and he was the one receiving praise and applause at the premiers of the plays. Before dying, her husband confirmed the rumours circulating in theatre circles that she was the true author of his works.
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Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very talented and ready to share her ideas and stories with the world. But, that´s where she bumped into a big obstacle. At the beginning of the XX century being a female writer was seen as immoral work, especially for an educator. If she had risked meeting her goals, she could have lost her teaching job. She found a solution to this problem in her marriage by publishing her works under her husband's name. So, she was writing and waiting at home and he was the one receiving praise and applause at the premiers of the plays. Before dying, her husband confirmed the rumours circulating in theatre circles that she was the true author of his works.
continue reading

Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very...
continue reading