Module 2

Module 2 - Introduction : Caractéristiques psychologiques des apprenants âgés 

 

Description : 

Le vieillissement implique des changements non seulement au niveau physique, mais aussi au niveau psychologique et social. Notre esprit fonctionne différemment à chaque âge et vieillir implique une certaine spécificité du processus d'apprentissage. 

Ce module traite des particularités psychologiques des personnes âgées dans le processus d'apprentissage et d'enseignement, ainsi que des conditions psychosociales qui doivent être remplies par le formateur afin d'assurer un cadre d'apprentissage sûr lorsqu'il travaille avec des personnes âgées.

 

Le module comprendra deux unités :

  • Unité 1 : Particularités psychologiques des personnes âgées dans le processus d'apprentissage et d'enseignement. Cette unité traite des processus cognitifs et socio-émotionnels impliqués dans l'apprentissage à un âge avancé.
  • Unité 2 : Conditions psychosociales pour favoriser une atmosphère d'apprentissage optimale pour les personnes âgées. Cette unité traite des moyens pratiques pour créer un cadre d'apprentissage sûr qui privilégie la confiance et le développement.

 

Résultats d'apprentissage : 

  • Connaissances

Les participants seront capables de nommer et de comprendre les principales particularités des apprenants âgés.

 

  • Attitudes

Les participants seront capables d'accepter l'importance de créer un cadre d'apprentissage sûr.

 

  • Compétences

À la fin du module, les participants seront capables d'appliquer des activités et des techniques qui contribuent à assurer un cadre d'apprentissage sûr dans leur travail.

 

Durée du module : 1,5 heure (45 min en face à face + 45 min en ligne)

Particularités psychologiques des personnes âgées dans le processus d'apprentissage et d'enseignement

 

Durée : 45 min 

 

Méthodologie :

Cette session en face à face combine des exercices expérimentaux et des discussions ciblées. Toutes les activités peuvent être réalisées en ligne, si nécessaire. 

 

Contenu (liste des types d'activités et petite description) :

 

Préparation : 

Exercice destiné à briser la glace "Lancez la balle et partagez des choses sur vous-même !".

Une réflexion pour relier l'exercice à l'activité suivante est initiée en posant des questions.

 

Travail de cours :

Discussion ciblée sur la spécificité de la vieillesse et les changements qu'elle entraîne ; parallèle entre les aspects cognitifs et socio-émotionnels.

 

Réflexion :

Exercice de synthèse : "Le thermomètre".

Conditions psychosociales pour la création d'un cadre d'apprentissage sûr aux personnes âgées

 

Durée : 45 min 

 

Objectifs d'apprentissage :

Les apprenants seront capables de :

  • accepter l'importance de créer un cadre d'apprentissage adapté
  • appliquer dans leur travail des activités et des techniques qui les aideront à garantir un cadre d'apprentissage sûr et des performances optimales lorsqu'ils travaillent avec des personnes âgées.

 

Méthodologie :

Il s'agit d'une session en ligne (par exemple sur zoom) dans laquelle des exercices expérientiels et des discussions ciblées sont combinés. Toutes les activités peuvent être réalisées en présentiel, si nécessaire. 

 

Contenu (liste des types d'activités et petite description) :

 

Préparation : 

Activité brise-glace "Ce que vos chaussures disent de vous ! "

Travail de cours 

 

Exercice structuré :

 "Votre idée d'un environnement d'apprentissage sûr en photo", menant à une discussion ciblée sur les moyens pratiques de créer un cadre d'apprentissage sûr qui favorise la confiance et le développement.

 

Réflexion :

Exercice de synthèse : "Des mots pour le sac à dos imaginaire".

Gerda Taro
1910 - 1937

Pioneer of war photography
Gerda Taro, nee Gerta Pohorylle, was born in Stuttgart and educated in Leipzig, Germany. As she is from a Jewish family, she flees from the Nazis to Paris in 1933. There she lives a bohemian lifestyle with her friend Ruth Cerf and eventually meets Endre Ernő Friedmann, better known today as Robert Capa. Together, they start documenting the Spanish Civil War in 1935, after Gerda had invented their alter egos in order to better sell Endre's and her own pictures. Inspired by their own political convictions, they only take pictures of the the fight of the republican troops against the rebellious franquist troops. Both of them try to be as close to the action as possible - a goal which eventually led to Gerda's death. Despite the fact that her pictures only cover 1 year of the war, her pictures are those that went around the world. Together with Robert Capa and with David Seymour, she developed modern war photography as we know it today during this short period of time. Since she officially was Capa's agent and he sold many of her pictures as his own, it took until the 2000s until people began to recognize her as an artist in her own right rather than only his partner: In 2007, the so-called Mexican Suitcase was found in Mexico City, a suitcase containing thousands of negatives believed lost by Capa, Taro and Seymour. Since then, many photographs originally attributed to Capa are known to have been taken by Gerda. However, during her short life, Taro was well known and when she was killed in 1937 by a tank, - she was only 26 - thousands of people attended her funeral in Paris. The funeral procession, led by Pablo Neruda and Louis Aragon, became a demonstration against fascism.

Marie-Claire Chevalier
1955 - 2022

The one whose trial for illegal abortion changed the law against abortion in France
In 1971, Marie-Claire Chevalier was 16 years old when she became pregnant after being raped by a boy two years older than her in high school. The young woman asked her mother to help her have an abortion. The mother turned to an underground doctor, but her daughter suffered a hemorrhage that forced her to the hospital. Her rapist, arrested for stealing a car, decides to turn her in against his own freedom. She is directly accused, as are four other women, including her mother, because in 1971 the voluntary termination of a pregnancy was illegal in France and punishable by six months to two years in prison. She was then convicted at the Bobigny trial and all were defended by lawyer Gisèle Halimi. Gisèle Halimi made of this trial and of Marie-Claire Chevalier a political symbol for the right to abortion. The case will forever mark French history and symbolize real progress for women's rights. Extremely mediatized, the trial closely followed by many personalities ends on a brilliant victory. Three years later this judgement, things started to move. This event contributed to the adoption of the Veil law and the legalization of abortion in France in 1975.

Having suffered greatly from this trial, she attempted suicide. Then, she chose to return to anonymity by changing her name. At her death, she received tributes from the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron and feminist associations.

Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very talented and ready to share her ideas and stories with the world. But, that´s where she bumped into a big obstacle. At the beginning of the XX century being a female writer was seen as immoral work, especially for an educator. If she had risked meeting her goals, she could have lost her teaching job. She found a solution to this problem in her marriage by publishing her works under her husband's name. So, she was writing and waiting at home and he was the one receiving praise and applause at the premiers of the plays. Before dying, her husband confirmed the rumours circulating in theatre circles that she was the true author of his works.
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Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very talented and ready to share her ideas and stories with the world. But, that´s where she bumped into a big obstacle. At the beginning of the XX century being a female writer was seen as immoral work, especially for an educator. If she had risked meeting her goals, she could have lost her teaching job. She found a solution to this problem in her marriage by publishing her works under her husband's name. So, she was writing and waiting at home and he was the one receiving praise and applause at the premiers of the plays. Before dying, her husband confirmed the rumours circulating in theatre circles that she was the true author of his works.
continue reading

Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very...
continue reading