Session 1 Activité 12

Zora Janžekovi, toute une vie pour la médecine

 

Durée : 45 minutes

 

Mise en œuvre :

Cette activité est basée sur la biographie de Zora Janžeković de l’annexe 1 du manuel de TAG. Le but de l’activité est que les participants

  •         se familiarisent avec la situation sociale et politique du vivant de Zora Janžeković
  •         se familiarisent avec les conséquences d’une société patriarcale
  •         prennent conscience des inégalités de genre dans la vie professionnelle des femmes
  •   réfléchissent aux inégalités de genre dans d’autres domaines de la vie publique ou personnelle
  •         comparent les situations qui déterminent la vie et les relations des femmes et des hommes

 

Tout d’abord, les apprenants lisent attentivement le texte et soulignent ce qui leur semble intéressant à propos de Zora Janžeković. Le groupe discute ensuite de la situation sociale et politique lorsqu’ils étaient jeunes. Les questions possibles à aborder sont :

  •         Qui a été une personne importante dans sa vie ?
  •         Décrivez la personne telle qu’elle apparaît dans le texte. Quelles sont les cinq qualités positives qui s’appliquent à elle. Décrivez les raisons de votre choix :

gentille, douce, forte, résiliente, attentionnée, assertive, travailleuse, fiable, honnête, pratique, responsable, loyale, mature, créative, capable, patiente, réfléchie, fait preuve d’initiative, motivée, polyvalente, solutionneuse de problèmes

  •         Discutez des inégalités entre les sexes telles qu’elles sont décrites dans le texte. Comparez le passé avec la situation actuelle. Y a-t-il des progrès ?
  •         Quelles ont été les réalisations de Zora Janžekoviče ? Décrivez-les.
  •         Identifiez les aspects positifs ou négatifs les plus évidents de sa carrière professionnelle. Par exemple:
    • Aspects positifs : Elle s’est passionnée pour la médecine en observant un médecin local au travail. En tant qu’étudiante en médecine, elle a pratiqué une intervention chirurgicale que personne d’autre ne pouvait pratiquer  à ce moment précis et elle s’est jointe à une équipe de chirurgiens de renommée.
    • Aspects négatifs : L’opinion publique n’était pas favorable aux femmes chirurgiennes.

 

À la fin de la discussion, laissez chacun des participants dire ce qu’il retient de l’activité et comment il peut adapter sa propre conduite pour surmonter les inégalités entre les sexes.

 

Matériaux et ressources :

  • Biographie de Zora Janžeković tirée de l’annexe I du manuel de TAG
  • documents à distribuer, extraits de journaux Web

Gerda Taro
1910 - 1937

Pioneer of war photography
Gerda Taro, nee Gerta Pohorylle, was born in Stuttgart and educated in Leipzig, Germany. As she is from a Jewish family, she flees from the Nazis to Paris in 1933. There she lives a bohemian lifestyle with her friend Ruth Cerf and eventually meets Endre Ernő Friedmann, better known today as Robert Capa. Together, they start documenting the Spanish Civil War in 1935, after Gerda had invented their alter egos in order to better sell Endre's and her own pictures. Inspired by their own political convictions, they only take pictures of the the fight of the republican troops against the rebellious franquist troops. Both of them try to be as close to the action as possible - a goal which eventually led to Gerda's death. Despite the fact that her pictures only cover 1 year of the war, her pictures are those that went around the world. Together with Robert Capa and with David Seymour, she developed modern war photography as we know it today during this short period of time. Since she officially was Capa's agent and he sold many of her pictures as his own, it took until the 2000s until people began to recognize her as an artist in her own right rather than only his partner: In 2007, the so-called Mexican Suitcase was found in Mexico City, a suitcase containing thousands of negatives believed lost by Capa, Taro and Seymour. Since then, many photographs originally attributed to Capa are known to have been taken by Gerda. However, during her short life, Taro was well known and when she was killed in 1937 by a tank, - she was only 26 - thousands of people attended her funeral in Paris. The funeral procession, led by Pablo Neruda and Louis Aragon, became a demonstration against fascism.

Marie-Claire Chevalier
1955 - 2022

The one whose trial for illegal abortion changed the law against abortion in France
In 1971, Marie-Claire Chevalier was 16 years old when she became pregnant after being raped by a boy two years older than her in high school. The young woman asked her mother to help her have an abortion. The mother turned to an underground doctor, but her daughter suffered a hemorrhage that forced her to the hospital. Her rapist, arrested for stealing a car, decides to turn her in against his own freedom. She is directly accused, as are four other women, including her mother, because in 1971 the voluntary termination of a pregnancy was illegal in France and punishable by six months to two years in prison. She was then convicted at the Bobigny trial and all were defended by lawyer Gisèle Halimi. Gisèle Halimi made of this trial and of Marie-Claire Chevalier a political symbol for the right to abortion. The case will forever mark French history and symbolize real progress for women's rights. Extremely mediatized, the trial closely followed by many personalities ends on a brilliant victory. Three years later this judgement, things started to move. This event contributed to the adoption of the Veil law and the legalization of abortion in France in 1975.

Having suffered greatly from this trial, she attempted suicide. Then, she chose to return to anonymity by changing her name. At her death, she received tributes from the President of the Republic, Emmanuel Macron and feminist associations.

Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very talented and ready to share her ideas and stories with the world. But, that´s where she bumped into a big obstacle. At the beginning of the XX century being a female writer was seen as immoral work, especially for an educator. If she had risked meeting her goals, she could have lost her teaching job. She found a solution to this problem in her marriage by publishing her works under her husband's name. So, she was writing and waiting at home and he was the one receiving praise and applause at the premiers of the plays. Before dying, her husband confirmed the rumours circulating in theatre circles that she was the true author of his works.
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Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very talented and ready to share her ideas and stories with the world. But, that´s where she bumped into a big obstacle. At the beginning of the XX century being a female writer was seen as immoral work, especially for an educator. If she had risked meeting her goals, she could have lost her teaching job. She found a solution to this problem in her marriage by publishing her works under her husband's name. So, she was writing and waiting at home and he was the one receiving praise and applause at the premiers of the plays. Before dying, her husband confirmed the rumours circulating in theatre circles that she was the true author of his works.
continue reading

Maria Lejárraga
1874 – 1974

She was writing and her husband harvesting the glory, fame and money!
Writer, feminist, deputy, polyglot and socialist who opposed to the death penalty and legal prostitution. She advocated for education, work and equal rights for women in Spain. A very open-minded and visionary woman who had to pay a high price imposed by her gender.

María Lejárraga comes from the region of La Rioja from an economically stable middle class family. She was able to receive good education and became a teacher. During her teaching career she discovered her passion for writing. She was very...
continue reading